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AASHTO LTSI1. Standard Specifications for Structural Supports of Highway Signs, Luminaires, and Traffic Signals, Interim Revisions. Amendment by. AASHTO LTS: STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS FOR STRUCTURAL SUPPORTS FOR HIGHWAY SIGNS, LUMINAIRES, AND TRAFFIC SIGNALS. Previews AASHTO LTS-5 Pre. Uploaded by Anonymous EVM4dO. lts-5 . FOREWORD The fifth edition of the Standard Specifications for Structural Supports for.

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The traffic speed was initially considered in the research but was not used in the final report based on simplicity and judgment.

Figure 1 illustrates a typical wind hazard map for the west- ern half of aasuto United States for the most common struc- tures. Implementation into Specifications The possible structure locations were divided into two primary categories: Failure could cross travelway High: The variabili- ties of the loads and resistances were considered in a rigorous manner.

The target reliability index b is often based on typical average performance under the previous design specifications i. Lhs-5 drag coefficient variable is considered to be a dimensionless constant, which can be calculated using the following formula: Table 27 illustrates the relationship between Table 26 and the computed values.

Explosion Proof Phones and Intercoms. Islands and coastal areas outside the last contour kts-5 use the last wind speed contour of the coastal area. The mean wind moment for the reliability analyses becomes: Likewise, for the 1,year wind speed, MT2 is larger than 1. For this level of wind, ASCE assigns an importance level of II; the number of people considered at risk for buildings is between two and people see the small figure inserts along the right side.


Material parameters for steel were established based on the yield strength data. Flexural Resistance The flexural resistance is discussed here, and other actions and combinations of actions are provided in detail in Appendix A.

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It is important to note that resistance is proportional to sec- tion thickness and proportional to the square of the diameter [i. Portable Power Distribution Panels. However, even in the ASD methods, an importance factor was considered: Implementation Setting Target Reliability Indices The statistical characterization of the limit-state equation and the associated inputs are presented in the preceding sec- tions. Chapter 2 – Findings Page 12 Share.

However, for higher wind moments, the required strength increases for high-importance structures and decreases for lower-importance structures. The resulting indices are reasonable for the various appli- cations, and the load and resistance factors were accordingly set.

For low-importance structures using year wind speedsthe reliability indices are lower, as intended. Comparing the same application cell across regions, the region with the lower wind variability will have a higher b.


Determining EPA Wind Load Specifications for Lights

Linear interpolation between wind contours is permitted. Explosion Proof String Lights.

Scope of Appendix A Appendix A outlines the complex calibration process and includes more detail than the brief description in the main body of the report. Hydraulic Fold-over Mast The aaahto wind speeds on the United States Gulf and Atlantic coasts are based on the results of a Monte Carlo simulation model described in Vickery and Waldhera and Vickery et al. Explosion Proof Cord Reels.

Wind speed values are 3-second gust speeds aashtoo poles mounted at ground level for exposure C category. To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter. Limit State Resistance Cov Tension member 1. The resistance load-carrying capacity is formulated for each of the considered limit states and structural components: Within these categories, the ADT is used to further distin- guish the consequence of failure.