DUTTON AND ARON 1974 PDF

May 14 2020
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Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. , Vol. 30, No. 4, SOME EVIDENCE DONALD G. DUTTON2 AND ARTHUR P. ARON. University of. The suspension bridge experiment was conducted by Donald Dutton and Arthur Aron in , in order to demonstrate a process where people. Short talk about the famous psychological experiment of Douglas Dutton and Arthur Aron in which males passing a high anxiety inducing.

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Two-factor theory of love: Because Dutton and Aron saw potential alternative explanations for this result, they replicated the experiment in the laboratory. Afterward, the story was analyzed for sexual content. After they made their predictions, the researchers either told them that the noise could make them nervous, the noise would have no effect on them, or they were told that they would not have to do the tasks until the next session a month away after they were exposed to the noise.

Operating under this assumption, the researchers developed the two factor theory of emotion.

The study found that regardless of the stimuli’s polarity, the participants in the aroused state found the attractive confederate more attractive and the unattractive confederate as less attractive than the unaroused participants.

They conducted two experiments with 89 female undergraduates to show that misattribution procedures can alter physiological response to a conditioned source of a fear or arousal. One study conducted by Savitsky, Medvec, Charlton, and Gilovich [6] focused on how confidence can be affected by misattribution of arousal. Sixty six male participants were asked to watch one of the videos and then rate znd female as in the first study.

Dutton and Aron Suspension Bridge Experiment

When fear becomes attraction After these men crossed the bridge, they were asked by an experimenter if they are willing to answer some questions. An example of the possible effects of misattribution of arousal is perceiving a potential partner as more attractive because of a heightened state of physiological stress.

The Effect of Arousal on Attraction: The confederate played basketball with pieces of balled up scrap paper while in the euphoric state or had to take a questionnaire and became very angry with the personal questions in the anger state.

The researchers told participants that they would be exposed to a subliminal noise and were then asked if they could predict how well they would do on two tasks.

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Misattribution of arousal

We think you have liked this presentation. The experiment aroon the researcher’s hypothesis that individuals in a neutral aroused state were more likely to rate a target as attractive than an unaroused individual. Paige Coulter-Kern Scott Samale. July February January From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Afterward, the men were given the attractive woman’s phone number in case they had any further questions. Thus, arousal due to fear of getting a strong shock was attributed to the attraction of a female person.

Currently, there are no. The female confederate, who was not aware of the true hypothesis of the experiment, then gave her phone number to the males if they had any more questions about the experiment and the researchers documented how many males called the confederate.

White, Fishbein, and Rutsein hypothesized that the duttkn of an individual’s arousal could influence the impact of the misattribution of arousal. The tasks were to unscramble anagrams or to recall as many nonsense syllables as they could after seeing them briefly.

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The participants were then asked to view a video of a female confederate either manipulated to be attractive or unattractive. For example, when actually experiencing physiological responses related to fearpeople mislabel those responses as romantic arousal.

In contrast, expecting that another person will get a strong versus weak shock did not influence attraction ratings. This was interpreted by the researchers to mean that the men found the woman more attractive when they had more anxiety about crossing the bridge.

The researchers also found that emotions in this study, euphoria and anger could be manipulated by providing a participant with a shot of epinephrine. Why we choose the lovers we choose. These men may be more prone to sexual adventures and therefore call more frequently than men who crossed the stable bridge. Views Read Edit View history.

However, Dutton and Aron had to take into consideration that some factors of the men, such as the possibility of some men already being involved in a relationship or how an individual male interpreted the woman’s body gestures.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. A second experiment replicated this first experiment.

Two-Factor Theory of Love – The Psych Apprentice

More males contacted the female experimenter when they had just walked down the rutton bridge, which was thought to be due to their misattribution of their arousal they believed that they were feeling sexual arousal aroj the sight of the female instead of feeling the leftover physiological arousal from the duttoon of walking across the suspension bridge. We need to belong or connect with others in enduring, close relationships. Donald Dutton and Arthur Aron ‘s [3] study to test the causation of misattribution of arousal incorporated an attractive confederate female to wait at the end of a bridge that was either a suspension bridge that would induce fear or a sturdy bridge that would not induce fear.

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At the end, the experimenter offered his or her phone number so that the respondent can call in for results if qron. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. Typically people feel more confident before they are supposed to do a task, but the closer they get to having to perform that task, the less confident they feel, which could be due to the arousal from the expectation of the performance.

Suproxin was actually a shot of epinephrine or a placebo. Based on this, psychologists Donald Dutton and Arthur Aron proceeded to study the two-factor theory in terms of romantic attraction.

Methods and Design by Goodwin In conjunction with Valentine’s Day, today’s special Lexicon entry is about a theory on romantic love by Dutton and Aron About project SlidePlayer Terms of Service.

Feedback Privacy Policy Feedback. They had enough time to rest and get their heartbeat and breathing back to normal. When fear becomes attraction Other studies demonstrated that arousal due to physic activities, was attributed to anger toward another person, but only some minutes after training; otherwise, a person knows that activity elicited arousal Zillmann et al.

In the laboratory experiment, Dutton and Aron saw similar results – those warned of strong electrical shock reported being more physically attracted to the female experimenter than those who anticipated mild shock. In the first condition, the men who were surveyed during their cross over the bridge would have had their arousal level increased as they were speaking to the woman.

Emotions and Mood Emotions, often called feelings, include experiences such as love, hate, anger, trust, joy, panic, fear, and grief.